A team of graphics artists has attempted to map the private buses that carry workers from San Francisco to Silicon Valley, reports the Wall Street Journal. At least six employers–Apple, ebay, Electronic Arts, Facebook, Google, and Yahoo–offer such services, but they are very secretive about where they go and how many people they carry.
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The artists who developed the map estimate that these private buses carry about a third as many people as CalTrains commuter trains between San Francisco and San Jose. CalTrains cost taxpayers more than $110 million a year, but Silicon Valley firms obviously don’t believe they adequately serve their employees, probably because the rails don’t go near their campuses. Google alone has more than 100 buses in its fleet, about as many as serve the entire fixed-route system in the city of Stockton.
Similarly, Microsoft is estimated the third-largest bus system in the Seattle area. Not surprisingly, none of these companies thought that building new rail lines would be a cost-effective way of helping their employees commute to work.
Meanwhile, Honolulu–which has one of the best bus systems in the country–is almost certainly going to have to cannibalize that system if it finished construction of a $5 billion, 20-mile rail line. Opponents of the rail line recently uncovered an independent analysis (15 MB) of the city’s finances done for the Federal Transit Administration that finds that the transit system’s finances are very precarious.
“There is no additional capacity in the project financing plan to fund project cost increases or to mitigate other adverse events,” says the January, 2012 report. “Cash balances are minimal and debt service coverage is low.” In other words, if the rail line goes overbudget, good-bye bus system. Honolulu’s bus system is already in trouble even without the rail line, the report adds. Despite the fact that subsidies to the buses have grown by 11 percent per year, the city “has not kept up with fleet replacement needs, indicated by an average bus fleet age of 10.2 years” (compared with about 8 years for other transit agencies).
FTA policies require that transit agencies seeking federal funds for rail projects have adequate financial resources to sustain their bus systems during and after rail construction. The fact that the Department of Transportation has approved funds for the Honolulu project despite the findings of this report is just more evidence that politics play a bigger role than rational planning in DOT grantmaking.